PROFILE AND RANK
The Lone Star State
demographic and geographic profile of the second-largest, second-most-populous
state in the United States.
to enter the Union: Dec.
- Bird: Mockingbird
- Tree: Pecan
- Song: "Texas,
Our Texas" (1929)
of name: Texas, or Tejas, was the Spanish pronunciation of a Caddo
Indian word meaning "friends" or "allies."
Texas is called the Lone Star State because of the design of the state
flag: a broad vertical blue stripe at left centered by a single white
star, with horizontal bars of white (uppermost) and red on the right.
(1990 U.S. Census): 16,986,510
(Jan. 1998 State Data Center estimate): 19,598,471
(July 1998 U.S. Bureau of the Census estimate): 19,760,000
density, 1997: 74.2 per sq. mi.
Pop., 1996: 13,622,000
Abstract of the United States, Bureau of the Census)
On an average day in Texas in 1997:
The population increased by 524.
There were 915 resident births.
There were 391 resident deaths.
There were 501 marriages.
There were 255 divorces.
(1997 Texas Vital
Statistics, Texas Dept. of Health)
Houston (Harris Co.): 1,841,064
San Antonio (Bexar Co.): 1,123,626
Dallas (Dallas Co.): 1,085,614
Austin (Travis Co.): 608,053
El Paso (El Paso Co.): 600,277
Fort Worth (Tarrant Co.): 489,277
Arlington (Tarrant Co.): 301,991
Corpus Christi (Nueces Co.): 276,712
Plano (Collin Co.) 198,186
Garland (Dallas Co.): 193,475
Data Center estimates, Jan. 1, 1998)
Number of counties: 254
Number of incorporated cities: 1,194
Number of cities of 100,000 pop. or more: 23
Number of cities of 50,000 pop. or more: 47
Number of cities of 10,000 pop. or more: 209
sq. miles (171,057,280 acres)
sq. miles (167,624,960 acres)
sq. miles (3,432,320 acres)
4 (637,386 acres)
About 15 miles northeast of Brady in northern McCulloch County.
Guadalupe Peak (8,749 ft.) in Culberson County in far West Texas.
Gulf of Mexico
average annual precipitation range: From 58.3 inches at Orange,
on the Gulf Coast, to 8.8 inches at El Paso, in West Texas. 111-year
average precipitation 28.14"
Seymour, August 12, 1936 120°F
Monahans, June 28, 1994 120°F
Record lowest temperature:
Tulia, Feb. 12, 1899 -23°F
Seminole, Feb. 8, 1933 -23°F
In current dollars (1996): $551.8 billion
In chained dollars (1992): (1992) $502.9 billion
Per Capita Personal Income: (1997) $23,656
Civilian Labor Force (average, 1996): 9,568,000
Abstract of the United States)
and allied products, petroleum and coal products, food and kindred
products, transportation equipment.
products: Cattle, cotton, dairy products, nursery and greenhouse.
Petroleum, natural gas, natural gas liquids.
(as of 12/31/97):
Number of insured commercial banks: 839
Total deposits: $191.8 billion
Number of farms: 205,000
Land in farms (acres): 129,000,000
Cropland (acres, 1992): 28,261,000
Pastureland (acres, 1992): 16,710,000
Rangeland (acres, 1992): 94,155,000